Week 2 – Multiple Media and Interdisciplinary Practices

El Lissitzky The Constructor, 1924, London, Victoria & Albert Museum (Found on Wikipedia)

El Lissitzky The Constructor, 1924, London, Victoria & Albert Museum (Found on Wikipedia)

The invention of photography brought on a whole new world of possibilities to the visual arts. 

Although not officially acclaimed as an art for more than one century, photography from the very beginning influenced or even revolutionised traditional art disciplines being at the same time for many artists the independent means of expression.

Photography ignited experimental explorations in visual arts at the beginning of the twentieth century. Its scientific nature fitted perfectly into the era of fascination with new modern technology and science. The first radical experiments with photographic techniques in conjunction with other disciplines like painting, graphic design, product design and film were created under the shield of constructivism (e.g. Alexander Rodczenko, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Ell Lissitzky), surrealism (e.g. Man Ray, Salvador Dali) and dadaism (e.g.Max Ernst) and led to development of new photographic techniques like photomontage and collage.

During the following decades, the interdependent relationship between photography and other art and non-art disciplines deepened to the point that it's impossible to imagine them without each other.

'(...)Art today needs to address how the visual world beyond art comes to shape any resemblances of the world, and photographic images are central to this, active across every sphere of contemporary life. (...) Photographic interventions in art are multiple and diverse, eclectic even, and art is unthinkable now without them.' – 'Art photography', David Bate